The Main Types Of Civil Engineering

Civil engineering is a professional discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical environment. As a broad profession, civil engineering encompasses several specialised sub-disciplines. Here is information on the main types of civil engineering.

Infrastructure Engineering

This type of civil engineering deals with the design and construction of infrastructures like bridges, roads, railways, drainage systems and so on. and electrics. It aims to build the basic structures and systems that keep society functional in the most efficient, sustainable and safe way.

Structural Engineering

Structural engineering is a sub-discipline of civil engineering that deals with the analysing and designing of structures to determine that the structure is safe, sustainable, and economical. A structural engineer calculates to ensure a structure has sufficient strength to take loads and is stable with viable service life.

Environmental Engineering

This combines the principles of engineering, soil science, biology, and chemistry to conduct detailed analyses on a broad spectrum of environmental issues and find solutions. It deals with designing and constructing innovative ways to handle recycling, waste control, water and air pollution control and public health.

Geotechnical Engineering

Geotechnical engineering deals with the relationship between a project and the ground. It is concerned with the assessment of risks of a project to humans and the environment. Geotechnical engineers work on the construction of roads, tunnels, embankments and so on.

Transportation Engineering

Transport engineering deals with the application of technological and scientific principles to the planning, design, operation and management of transport facilities and large transport systems. A transport engineer ensures that the structures for each mode of transportation have specific safety and sustainability standards.

These are the main types and sub-disciplines of civil engineering. There are several careers under each type that anyone with determination can study and go on. For more information, please contact us through the details on the contact page.